Archibald (Archie) Ewing likeness

Archibald (Archie) Ewing cap badgeLance Corporal Archibald (Archie) Ewing

13th (Service) Battalion Royal Scots
Service No: 18518

Archibald (Archie) Ewing grave

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Personal details

Family Information

Eldest son of John (1854-1905) and Margaret Wright Gray Ewing (1866-1955) of 22e KIng St, Coatbridge. Archibald's younger brother Sapper Gray Ewing of the Royal Engineers Died of Wounds at Gallipoli on the 13/07/1915. From the 1901 Census - Address - 70g North Academy St, Coatbridge - John Ewing aged 47, Margaret Ewing aged 34, Archibald Ewing aged 7, Gray Ewing aged 5, Elizabeth Ewing aged 2. Archie and Gray's Pension was awarded to their mother Margaret.

Born / Resided

Coatbridge / 22e King St, Coatbridge.

Died

Killed in Action on the 06/05/1916 at the Hohenzollern Sector near Loos

Enlisted

Coatbridge 18/01/1915

Employed

Iron Worker in the Dundyvan Iron Works.

Age

23

Buried / Remembered

Vermelles British Cemetery (III. H. 2), Pas de Calais, France

Cemetery / Memorial Information

Vermelles was in German hands from the middle of October 1914 to the beginning of December 1914, when it was recaptured by the French. The cemetery was begun in August 1915 (though a few graves are slightly earlier), and during the Battle of Loos, when the Chateau was used as a dressing station, Plot I was completed. It was laid out and fenced by the Pioneers of the 1st Gloucesters, and known for a long time as "Gloucester Graveyard". The remaining Plots were made by the Divisions (from the Dismounted Cavalry Division onwards) holding the line 1.6 kilometres East of the cemetery until April 1917, and they incorporated a few isolated French graves of October 1914. From April 1917, to the Armistice, the cemetery was closed; but after the Armistice some graves were re-grouped and others were brought in (to Plots II, IV and VI) from the battlefields to the East. There are now over 2134 First World War casualties commemorated in this cemetery. Of these, 198 are unidentified and special memorials are erected to six soldiers from the United Kingdom, known to be buried among them. This cemetery also contains the graves of 11 casualties of other nationalities.

Additional Information

Archibald and the Battalion arrived in France on the 28/071915 and were part of the 27th Brigade, 15th (Scottish) Division. Archibald was appointed Lance Corporal in the field on the 27/04/1915. SEE PHOTOS x 23 FOR THE BATTALION WAR DIARY APRIL - MAY 1916 and PHOTOS x 12 FOR THE 15th (SCOTTISH) DIVISION MARCH - MAY 1916. The Battalion War Diary states - "Sailly Labourse 03/05/1916 at 8 a.m : Battalion proceeded to trenches to relieve 7th K.O.S.B. in the Right Subsection of the HOHENZOLLERN SECTOR. Companies were distributed in the line as follows : In Firing and Support Lines (from right to left) `C`, `D`, `A`, In Reserve `B` Coy. Trenches 12.30 p.m : Relief completed. Enemy artillery and minenwerfer fairly active against our firing and support lines. Casualties - Officers 0, Other Ranks 8 Wounded". "Trenches 06/05/1916 at 4.30 p.m : Enemy retaliation very heavy, Considerable damage done to our trenches especially on our support line held by left (A) Coy and on Communication trenches. 5.30 p.m : Situation normal. Casualties - 2nd LT J. CRABBE wounded, Other Ranks Killed 2, Wounded 8". Archibald is listed as 4TH BATTALION on the Memorial. See Directory for Archibald's brother Sapper Gray Ewing's page. Archibald is also remembered on the Old Monkland Church Roll of Honour and in the St Augustine's Parish (book) Roll of Honour (see photos). See photos for Archibald's Medal Index Card, his Newspaper clipping, his Army Register of Soldiers Effects, his Service Medal and Award Rolls, his CWGC Grave Registration x 2, his Headstone Report x 2, his CWGC Remembered with Honour Certificate, Vermelles British Cemetery, Archie and Gray's Pension Records x 6, his Service Record x 13 and the Royal Scots Cap Badge. Archibald's Grave inscription reads "TO MEMORY EVER DEAR".

Photos
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War Diaries

The battalion War Diary is available on the National Archives website.

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