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  cap badgePrivate Daniel Stewart

10th (Service) Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Service No: S/1797

Daniel  Stewart grave

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Personal details

Family Information

Husband of Helen Stewart (10/03/1883- ) of 13a Turner St, Coatbridge. Daniel's Pension was awarded to his wife Helen of 8 High St, Paisley, Renfrewshire on the 14/04/1916.

Born / Resided

Paisley, Renfrewshire / 13a Turner St, Coatbridge

Died

Died of Wounds on the 29/09/1915 Wounds received at the Battle of Loos

Enlisted

Falkirk, Stirlingshire /08/1914

Employed

Miner in the Old Orbiston Colliery, Bellshill

Age

(No data. If you have details, please add a comment)

Buried / Remembered

Bethune Town Cemetery (IV. E. 38), Pas de Calais, France

Cemetery / Memorial Information

For much of the First World War, Bethune was comparatively free from bombardment and remained an important railway and hospital centre, as well as a corps and divisional headquarters. The 33rd Casualty Clearing Station was in the town until December 1917. Early in 1918, Bethune began to suffer from constant shell fire and in April 1918, German forces reached Locon, five kilometres to the north. The bombardment of 21 May did great damage to the town and it was not till October that pressure from the Germans was relaxed. Bethune Town Cemetery contains 3,004 Commonwealth burials of the First World War,11 being unidentified. This icludes 26 men of the 1/8th Manchester Regiment who were killed by a bomb on 22 December 1917 while marching to rest billets. There are also 122 French and 87 German war graves, 38 of the German burials are unidentified.

Additional Information

Daniel and the Battalion arrived at Boulogne on the 11/05/1915 and were part of the 27th Brigade, 9th (Scottish) Division. Daniel received his wounds at the Battle of Loos, 25th September – 15th October 1915 : The first genuinely large scale British offensive action but once again only in a supporting role to a larger French attack in the Third Battle of Artois. British appeals that the ground over which they were being called upon to advance was wholly unsuitable were rejected. The battle is historically noteworthy for the first British use of poison gas. The Battle from 07.05 till noon 25/09/1915 : The centre - 9th (Scottish) Division had to attack the formidable obstacle of the Hohenzollern Redoubt and Fosse 8, the high location of the main enemy observation posts looking across the whole battlefield. Preparations had included Russian saps to close the distance to be covered, and effective observed heavy shelling. The lead units of 26th Brigade suffered casualties as they cleared the gas and smoke, but advanced through well-cut wire to quickly take the front face of the Redoubt. The 7th Battalion Seaforths reached Fosse Trench – the rear of the redoubt – soon after 7.00am, and pressed on towards Fosse 8. The afternoon in the Auchy area : The attack of 9th (Scottish) Division had by mid-morning succeeded in reaching and occupying the enemy trench network around the Hohenzollern Redoubt and Fosse 8, and also Pekin Trench. During the afternoon, the garrison of Pekin Trench came under heavy shellfire, and German infantry began a bombing attack, starting at the Haisnes-Auchy road and working Southwards while others worked North from Cite Trench. Despite being reinforced by the 6/Royal Scots Fusiliers, the superiority of German grenades soon told, and the position was gradually retaken. By 5.00pm, half of it had been lost, and the remaining men were ordered to withdraw in the dark. Unfortunately many returned as far as the original German front line, leaving a very confused picture around Fosse Alley, which became the new British front line. The advanced field batteries were ordered back to the positions they had left earlier in the day. 01.00am 26/09/1915 : A heavy attack by the German 117th Division was launched against the forward units of 7th and 9th Divisions between the Vermelles-Hulluch road and Fosse 8. It achieved complete surprise, catching wiring parties and isolated sections unawares. On the right, 20th Brigade pulled all advanced units back to the protection of Gun Trench. In the centre, the most forward units were in a shallow trench a hundred yards ahead of the Quarries. Their left had no contact with the 27th Brigade of 9th Division, which was somewhere away on their left. A reorganisation of scattered and mixed-up units was underway – under shellfire that included gas shells – when the German attack hit. The enemy entered the Quarries through the undefended gap to the North, and much confused and hand to hand fighting took place. By 1.30am the British troops had lost the Quarries. The 9th (Scottish) Division casualties between 25/09/1915 and 16/09/1915 : 6,058 of which 190 Officers. Scottish Regiments lost a huge amount of brave men at Loos. Here is a list of Infantry Battalions who lost more than 500 men at the Battle of Loos from 25/09/1915 to 16/10/1915 - 7th Cameron Highlanders 687, of which 19 Officers, 9th Black Watch 680, of which 20 Officers, 6th King’s Own Scottish Borderers 650, of which 20 Officers, 10th Highland Light Infantry 648, of which 20 Officers, 7th King’s Own Scottish Borderers 631, of which 20 Officers, 8th Devons 619, of which 19 Officers, 8th Royal West Kents 580, of which 24 Officers, 8th Buffs 558, of which 24 Officers, 12th Highland Light Infantry 553, of which 23 Officers, 8th Black Watch 511, of which 19 Officers, 5th North Staffordshire 505, of which 20 Officers, 8th Seaforth Highlanders 502, of which 23 Officers. Daniel was 1 of 87 men from the Coatbridge Memorial who fell during and from injuries from the Battle of Loos. Daniel was originally listed on the Loos Memorial but is now known to be buried in Bethune Town Cemetery (see photos). He is also remembered in the St Augustine's Parish (book) Roll of Honour. See photos for Daniel's Medal Index Card, his Army Register of Soldiers Effects, his Service Medal and Award Rolls x 2, his CWGC Grave Registration x 2, his Headstone Report, his name on the Loos Memorial Panel List (also listed on the Memorial as well as being buried in Bethune Town Cemetery), his name on the Loos Memorial, Daniel's Pension Record x 2, the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Cap Badge, the Loos Memorial and Bethune Town Cemetery.

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