David Wilson likeness

David Wilson cap badgePrivate David Wilson

1st Battalion Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)
Service No: S/4028

David Wilson grave





Personal details

Family Information

Son of David and Margaret Wilson of 30 Laird St, Coatbridge. David's younger brother Private William Wilson (124509) of the 36th Battalion Machine Gun Corps Died of Wounds on the 27/04/1918. Elder brother Alexander was in training with the 10th (Service) Battalion Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) at the time of his death. In his Will dated 04/06/1915 David left everything to his mother. From the 1891 Census - Address - Banks Land, Coats St, Coatbridge - David Wilson aged 38, Margaret Wilson aged 32, James Wilson aged 11, Sarah Wilson aged 9, Alexander Wilson aged 7, Mary J Wilson aged 5, David Wilson aged 2. From the 1901 Census - Address - 8a Carradale St, Coatbridge - David Wilson aged 48, Margaret Wilson aged 40 , James Wilson aged 21, Alexander Wilson aged 16, Mary J Wilson aged 14, David Wilson aged 12, William Wilson aged 10. David's Pension was awarded to his mother Margaret on the 10/11/1916. David's father also listed.

Born / Resided

Coatbridge / 30 Laird St, Coatbridge


Died of Wounds on the 18/06/1915 at No 1 Casualty Clearing Station, Chocques. Wounds received near Rue de Bois, Richebourg during the Battle of Aubers


Coatbridge /09/1914


Forehand Puddler in the Victoria Iron Works



Buried / Remembered

Chocques Military Cemetery (I. D. 10), Pas de Calais, France

Cemetery / Memorial Information

Chocques was occupied by Commonwealth forces from the late autumn of 1914 to the end of the war. The village was at one time the headquarters of I Corps and from January 1915 to April 1918, No.1 Casualty Clearing Station was posted there. Most of the burials from this period are of casualties who died at the clearing station from wounds received at the Bethune front. From April to September 1918, during the German advance on this front, the burials were carried out by field ambulances, divisions and fighting units. Chocques Military Cemetery contains 1,801 Commonwealth burials of the First World War, 134 of then unidentified. There are also 82 German war graves, 47 being unidentified.

Additional Information

The Battalion arrived at Le Havre on the 14/08/1914 and were part of the 1st Brigade, 1st Division. David was reported to have been wounded in both legs some time before news reached home of his death. David received his wounds during the unsuccessful British offensive at Aubers on the 9th - 10th May 1915 : A disastrous attack that cost 11,000 British casualties for no material gain : it was a minor supporting operation to a much larger French attack in an action known as the Second Battle of Artois. The Battle : The Southern attack was to be made in easterly direction by the 1st and Meerut Divisions, on a 2400-yard front between Chocolat Menier Corner and Port Arthur (1st Division would have an attack frontage of 1600 yards; Meerut 800 yards), with the objective Rue du Marais – Lorgies – Ligny le Grand, incorporating La Cliqueterie (a heavily defended German strongpoint). The 2nd Division was moved up into reserve, from the La Bassée canal sector, leaving behind 4th (Guards) Brigade and receiving in exchange the 5th (London) Brigade of the London Division who moved to the canal in their place. At 3.57pm : The leading companies of the 1st Battalion Black Watch, 1st Brigade, brought in to replace the shattered 2nd Brigade, went over the top despite the 1st Battalion Cameron Highlanders being late to arrive and moved at the double across No Man’s Land. Some reached the German breastwork just as the bombardment lifted; most were however killed or captured in the German firing trench although a small party reached the second position. The two lead companies of the Camerons, coming up on the left of the Black Watch a few minutes later, suffered heavy machine-gun casualties in crossing between the front lines. British casualties in the Southern pincer on the 09/05/1915 : 1st Division : 3,968 of which 160 Officers, 7th (Meerut) Division : 2,629 of which 94 Officers, 47th (2nd London) Division : 79 of which 2 Officers, 2nd Division : 20 of which no Officers. Worst infantry casualties in the Southern attack, by Battalion : 1st Battalion Northamptonshire 560, of which 17 Officers, 2nd Battalion Royal Sussex 551, of which 14 Officers, 1st Battalion Seaforth Highlanders 509, of which 21 Officers, 1st BATTALION BLACK WATCH 475, OF WHICH 14 OFFICERS. SEE PHOTOS x 11 FOR THE BATTALION WAR DIARY FROM 1st MAY - 12th MAY 1915. More than 11,000 British casualties were sustained on 9th May 1915, the vast majority within yards of their own front-line trench. Mile for mile, Division for Division, this was one of the highest rates of loss during the entire war. David had visited Coatbridge at New Year 1915. See Directory for David's younger brother William's page. David is also remembered on the Coatbridge Baptist Church Roll of Honour (see photos). See photos for David's Medal Index Card, his Newspaper clipping, his Army Register of Soldiers Effects, his Service Medal and Award Rolls x 2, his CWGC Grave Registration x 2, his Headstone Report x 2, Chocques Military Cemetery, David's Penson Records x 2 and the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) Cap Badge. Finally, I have the Battalion War Diary from August 1914 - March 1919. If more information is required please contact me.

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War Diaries

The battalion War Diary is available on the National Archives website.

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